Goals and Outcomes In Neurodisability

Music is processed in many parts of the brain and has strong links with emotion and memory. The ability to use and understand music in a meaningful way is often retained, despite the many losses associated with a brain injury.

Music therapy is used in Brain Injury to support in 4 key areas:

  • Emotional Expression and Social Skills
  • Thinking/Planning Skills and Behaviours
  • Physical Functioning
  • Communication Skills

Music therapy intervention in neuro-disability is based on theoretical principles where music facilitates communication, social interaction, the expression of emotion and neuronal connections in the brain. A comprehensive review of the literature regarding music therapy and rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury concluded:

“The application of music therapy in neurorehabilitation can facilitate improvements in both
functional and psychological aspects of life…”
(Gilbertson, 2005).

There are 4 key areas of functioning and loss in ABI where music therapy can be effective. Example outcomes for each of these areas are: